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Albanian Lesson 00

Friday, July 16, 2004

Learn Albanian

The Albanian Alphabet

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Albanian is a phonetic language, which makes it much easier to learn from books. The letters don't change sounds depending on the letters that surround them, as happens in English. The only exception to this rule is the ë, which is usually not pronounced, or barely pronounced, if it appears at the end of a word.

alike the a in father
blike the b in bubbles
clike the ts in cats
çlike the ch in chime
dlike the d in donut
dhlike the hard th in the
elike the first e in letter
ëlike the u in chug, (usually silent at the end of a word)
flike the f in freak
glike the g in goats
gjlike the g in badge
hlike the H in Heinikan
ilike the ee in feet
jlike the y in yes
klike the c in cart
llike the l in logical
llsame as l
mlike the m in maybe
nlike the n in nooner
njlike the ny in canyon
olike the o in orbit
plike the p in perfect
qlike the ch in chase
rlike the r in rug, but shorter
rrtrilled like a Scotsman
slike the s in super
shlike the sh in shake
tlike the t in tent
thlike the soft th in thin
ulike the oo in moon
vlike the v in van
zlike the z in zebra
zhlike the s in measure
yapproximatly like the u in ukulele
xlike the ds in feds!
xhlike the j in jar

Greetings

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
Mirëmëngjes.Good morning.
Mirëdita.Good afternoon.
Mirëmbrema.Good evening.
Natën e mirë.Good night.
Ditën e mirë.Have a nice day.
zotiMr.
zonjaMrs.
zonjushaMiss
Si jeni?How are you?
Po ju si jeni?And how are you?
Shumë mirë.Very well.
MirëGood.
KeqBad.
Çka.So-so.
Mirupafshim.Good bye.
Tungjatjeta.See you again.
Më falni.Excuse me.
ju lutemplease
faleminderitthank you
s'ka gjë, ju lutemyou're welcome
poyes
jono

Days of the Week

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The days of the week are not capatilized in Albanian, and are always preceeded by e.

e hënëMonday
e martëTuesday
e mërkerëWednesday
e enjteThursday
e premteFriday
e shtunëSaturday
e dielSunday

Colours

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Albanian adjectives differ based on the gender of the noun. This will be covered later. Here the masculine form is listed first.

i kuq, e kuqered
i portokall, e portokalleorange
(i,e) verdhëyellow
(i,e) gjelbërgreen
(i,e) blublue
(i,e) vjollcëpurple
bojë kaf, bojë kafebrown
i zi, e zezëblack
(i,e) bardhëwhite
(i,e) grigrey

The Numbers Zero to Ten

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
zerozero
njëone
dytwo
trethree
katërfour
pesëfive
gjashtësix
shtatëseven
tetëeight
nëntënine
dhjetëten

Subject Pronouns

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The personal pronoun ti is the familiar form of the second person singular. It is used for addressing family, friends or children. When addressing strangers, or people in authority, use the second person plural ju.

unëI
tiyou
aihe, it
ajoshe, it
newe
juyou (pl.)
atathey (masc.)
atothey (fem.)

posted by Blair Fraser at 4:35 pm | 0 comments