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Albanian Lesson 01

Monday, July 19, 2004

Learn Albanian

Introductions

James: Mirëmëngjes profesor Cooper. Më quajnë James.
Zoti Cooper: Mirëmëngjes James. Si jeni?
James: Shumë mirë, po ju?
Zoti Cooper: Mirë falemnderit.
James: Si quhet "car" në shqip?
Zoti Cooper: "Car" quhet Makinë.
James: Falemnderit. Mirupafshim profesor.
Zoti Cooper: Mirupafshim James.
 
 
 

Vocabulary

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Sometime accents are used in Albanian dictionaries to indicate the stressed syllable. These accents are only pronunciation hints and should not be used in written Albanian.

sottoday
dit/ë, -a, -ë, -ët (fem.)day
mëngjes, -i, -e, -et (fem.)morning
unversitet, -i, -e, -et (masc.)university
shkoll/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)school
klas/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)class
student, -i, -ë, -ëtstudent (masc.)
student/e, -ja, -e, -etstudent (fem.)
dërras/ë e zezë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)chalkboard
fshirës/e, -ja, -a, -at (fem.)chalkbrush
shkumës, -i, -, -et (masc.)chalk
der/ë, -a, dyer, dyert (fem.)door
dritár/e, -ja, -e, -et (fem.)window
mur, -i, -e, -et (masc.)wall
or/ë, -a, -ë, -ët (fem.)clock
tavolin/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)desk, table
karrig/e, -a, -a, -at (fem.)chair
kompjuter, -i, -e, -et (masc.)computer
let/ër, -ra, -ra, -rat (fem.)paper, letter
laps, -i, -a, -at (masc.)pencil
stilolaps, -i, -a, -at (masc.)pen
gom/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)eraser
fletór/e, -ja, -e, -et (fem.)notebook
lib/ër, -ri, -ra, -rat (masc.)book
provim, -i, -e, -et (masc.)exam
tekst, -i, -e, -et (masc.)textbook
bibliotek/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)library
raft, -i, -e, -etshelf
raft librashbookcase
vullë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)stamp
adres/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)address
kart/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)card
num/ër, -ri, -ra, -rat (masc.)number
shtëpí, -a, -, -të (fem.)house, home
in
në Anglishtin English
edhe, dheand
shumëmany, very
apoor
(i,e) afërtclose
(i,e) largfar
(i,e) lehtëeasy
(i,e) vështirëdifficult
A flisni ju shqip?Do you speak Albanian?
Si thuhet (ky, kjo) në...How do you say this in...
Nuk kuptoj. Nuk marr vesh.I don't understand.

Definite and Indefinite nouns

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

In Albanian, the indefinite articles a and some are translated as një and disa respectively. However, there is no definite article. To create the definite form of a noun, the ending of the noun is modified.

In the vocabulary, nouns are listed in the definite and indefinite forms of both the singular and plural. The stem of the noun is the word up to the slash character or to the end of the word if there is no slash. All nouns are listed with their endings in the order: indefinite singular, definite singular, indefinite plural, and definite plural. For example
turist/e, -ja, -e, -et lists the four forms of female tourist:
një turiste = a female tourist,
turistja = the female tourist,
disa turiste = some female tourists,
turistet = the female turists.

For each noun where the gender is not obvious, the gender is listed with the noun as well. The gender will become important when we learn about adjectives. There are rules for deriving these forms of the noun which will be covered in later lessons. However, the rules are complicated and have many exceptions. Often it is simpler to memorize the four forms as you memorize each noun.

turist, -i, -ë, -ëttourist (masc.)
turist/e, -ja, -e, -ettourist (fem.)
student, -i, -ë, -ëtstudent (masc.)
student/e, -ja, -e, -etstudent (fem.)
shqiptar, -i, -ë, -ëtAlbanian (masc.)
shqiptar/e, -ja, -e, -etAlbanian (fem.)
kanadez, -i, -ë, -ëtCanadian (masc.)
kanadez/e, -ja, -e, -etCanadian (fem.)
anglez, -i, -ë, -ëtEnglish (masc.)
anglez/e, -ja, -e, -etEnglish (fem.)
amerikan, -i, -ë, -ëtAmerican (masc.)
american/e, -ja -e, -etAmerican (fem.)
italian, -i, -ë, -ëtItalian (masc.)
italian/e, -ja, -e, -etItalian (fem.)
francez, -i, -ë, -ëtFrench (masc.)
francez/e, -ja, -e, -etFrench (fem.)
rus, -i, -ë, -ëtRussian (masc.)
rus/e, -ja, -e, -etRussian (fem.)
europian, -i, -ë, -ëtEuropean (masc.)
europian/e, -ja, -e, -etEuropean (fem.)

The Numbers 11-29

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
njëmbëdhjetëeleven
dymbëdhjetëtwelve
trembëdhjetëthirteen
katërmbëdhjetëfourteen
pesëmbëdhjetëfifteen
gjashtëmbëdhjetësixteen
shtatëmbëdhjetëseventeen
tetëmbëdhjetëeighteen
nëntëmbëdhjetënineteen
njëzettwenty
njëzet e njëtwenty-one
njëzet e dytwenty-two
njëzet e tretwenty-three
njëzet e katërtwenty-four
njëzet e pesëtwenty-five
njëzet e gjashtëtwenty-six
njëzet e shtatëtwenty-seven
njëzet e tetëtwenty-eight
njëzet e nëntëtwenty-nine

The Present Indicative of the Verb Jam

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The verb jam is an irregular verb. It's conjugations should be memorized. The personal pronouns are be used in front of the verb, however, when the subject of the verb is clear, they are often dropped.

unë jamI am
ti jeyou are
ai/ajo ështëhe/she is
ne jemiwe are
ju jeniyou are (pl.)
ata/ato janëthey are (masc./fem)
Ai është turist.He is a (masc.) turist.
Ata janë turistë.They are (masc.) turists.
Jam kanadez.I am Canadian.

Negation

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

To negate a sentance in Albanian, add a nuk or s' before the verb. For example: Unë nuk jam amerikan.

Ajo nuk kam libri.She does not have the book.
Ajo s'kam libri.She dosn't have the book.
Nuk jam kanadez.I am not Canadian.

Telling Time

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
Sa është ora?What time is it?
Ora është një.It's one.
Ora është një e gjysmë.It's one thirty.
Ora është dy e njëzetepesë.It's two twenty-five.
Ora është njëmbëdhjetë e dyzet.It's eleven forty.
Është vonë (herët).It's late (early).
Pas një ore.In one hour.

posted by Blair Fraser at 10:11 am | 0 comments