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French Lesson 02

Wednesday, September 20, 2006

Vocabulary

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
à at
de from, of
maintenant now
plus tard later
le matin morning
le midi midday
l'après-midi afternoon
la soirée evening
demain tomorrow
à huit le matin at eight in the morning
le déjuner breakfast
le dîner supper
les parents parents
le pére father
la mére mother
les enfants children
le fils son
la fille daughter
le mari husband
l'épouse wife
le frère brother
la soeur sister
le chien dog
le chat cat
grand(e) tall
petit(e) short
assez pretty
laid ugly
mince thin
gros fat
cher expensive
content(e), heureux(-se) happy
bon good
beau handsome
brunette brunette
blond blond
roux red-head
gentil nice
l'homme man
la femme woman
il y a there is, there are
qui? who?
que? what?
óu? where?
quand? when?
porquoi? why?
comment? how?
quel? which?
combien? how many?
aller to go
avoir to have
vouloir to want
dans in
C'est ici ...? Is this ...?
Qu'est-ce que c'est?What is it?

Present Indicative of the Verb Aller

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
je vais I go
tu vas you go
il va he goes
elle va she goes
on va one goes
nous allons we go
vous allez you go (pl./form.)
ils vont they go (masc. pl.)
elles vont they go (fem. pl.)

Present Indicative of the Verb Avoir

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
j'ai I have
tu as you have
il a he has
elle a she has
on a one has
nous avons we have
vous avez you have (pl./form.)
ils ont they have (masc. pl.)
elles ont they have (fem. pl.)

Present Indicative of the Verb Vouloir

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
je veux I want
tu veux you want
il veut he wants
elle veut she wants
on veut one wants
nous voulons we want
vous voulez you want (pl./form.)
ils veulent they want (masc. pl.)
elles veulent they want (fem. pl.)

Negation

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
In French, negation is performed by surrounding the verb with ne and pas. If the verb begins in a vowel, be certain to abbreviate ne to n'.
Je ne suis pas content. I am not happy.
Tu n'es pas content. You are not happy.
Il n'est pas content. He is not happy.
Elle n'est pas contente. She is not happy.
Nous ne sommes pas content(e)s. We are not happy.
Vous n'êtes pas content(e)s. You are not happy. (form./pl.)
Ils ne sont pas contents. They are not happy. (masc. pl.)
Elles ne sont pas contentes. They are not happy. (fem. pl.)
Je n'ai pas faim. I am not hungry.
Tu n'as pas soif. You are not thirsty.
Il n'a pas chaud. He is not hot.
Elle n'a pas froid. She is not cold.
Nous n'avons pas faim. We are not hungry.
Vous n'avez pas soif. You are not thirsty. (form./pl.)
Ils n'ont pas chaud. They are not hot. (masc. pl.)
Elles n'ont pas froid. They are not cold. (fem. pl.)
Je ne vais pas à Montreal. I am not going to Montreal.
Tu ne vas pas à Paris. You are not going to Paris.
Il ne va pas à Nice. He is not going to Nice.
Elle ne va pas à Toronto. She is not going to Toronto.
Nous n'allons pas à Quebec. We are not going to Quebec.
Vous n'allez pas à Canada. You are not going to Canada. (form./pl.)
Ils ne vont pas à Paris. They are not going to Paris. (masc. pl.)
Elles ne vont pas à Toronto. They are not going to Toronto. (fem. pl.)
Je ne veux pas aller au magasin. I don't want to go to the store.
Tu ne veux pas y aller en novembre. You don't want to go there in November.
Il ne veut pas aller à Paris. He doesn't want to go to Paris.
Elle ne veut pas aller au magasin. She doesn't want to go to the store.
Vous ne voulons pas aller à Toronto. You don't want to go to Toronto. (form./pl.)

Asking Questions

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
In french one asks questions by reversing the order of the verb and subject, much as in English. (You are happy. versus Are you happy?) In fact, this isn't the only way of asking questions, but is a very popular way.

Note that some verbs require the addition of -t- between the subject and verb. This is simply because otherwise, vowels would be beside each other, making the question difficult to pronounce. French has many tricks to prevent vowels from becoming new neighbors.
Es-tu content? Are you happy?
Est-il content? Is he happy?
Est-elle contente? Is she happy?
Sommes-nous content(e)s? Are we happy?
Êtes-vous content(e)s? Are you happy? (form./pl.)
Sont-ils contents? Are they happy? (masc. pl.)
Sont-elles contentes? Are they happy? (fem. pl.)
As-tu faim? Are you hungry?
A-t-il soif? Is he thirsty?
A-t-elle chaud? Is she hot?
Avons-nous froid? Are we cold?
Avez-vous faim? Are you hungry? (form./pl.)
Ont-ils soif? Are they thirsty? (masc. pl.)
Ont-elles chaud? Are they hot? (fem. pl.)
Vas-tu en avion? Are you going by plane?
Va-t-il en bateau? Is he going by boat?
Va-t-elle en autobus? Is she going by bus?
Allons-nous en vélo? Are we going by bicycle?
Allez-vous avec la metro? Are you going on the metro? (form./pl.)
Vont-ils en auto? Are they going by car? (masc. pl.)
Vont-elles par metro? Are they going by metro? (fem. pl.)

posted by Blair Fraser at 7:18 am | 0 comments