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Spanish Lesson 00

Monday, July 19, 2004

Learn Spanish

The Spanish Alphabet

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Spanish pronunciation varies from country to country. I will try to include both Castillian Spanish pronunciation and Mexican Spanish pronunciation here. As in most languages, some sounds have no equivalent in English, so these are approximations. There are plenty of resourses on the web where you can hear these sounds. Check them out.

aas the a in father.
bas the b in boom, but softer.
c before a, o, or uas the c in coffee.
das a soft English d in Mexico. as the English th in Spain.
eas the e in ten.
fas the f in frog.
g before a, o or uas the hard g in gather.
g before e, or ilike an over-emphasized English h.
halways silent.
ias the ee in feet.
jlike an over-emphasized English h.
kas the hard c in carbon.
las the l in lucky.
llas the y in yes.
mas the m in man.
nas the n in north.
ñas the ny in canyon.
o at the end of a syllableas the o in note.
o before a consonantas the o in not.
pas in English, but less plosive.
qas the k in kink.
rslightly trilled.
rr (or r at the beginning of a word)strongly trilled.
sas the s in Spanish.
tas the t in tiger.
uas the oo in moon.
vExactly the same as the Spanish b.
xlike the English ks sound.
yas in English, except when alone. Then as ee.
zpronounced as s in Mexico, and as th in Spain.

Greetings

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
HolaHello
Buenos días.Good Day, Good morning.
Buenos tardes.Good afternoon.
Buenos noches.Good evening, Good night.
SeñorMr.
SeñoraMrs.
SeñoritaMiss
¿Cómo está usted?How are you? (form.)
¿Cómo estás?How are you? (fam.)
¿Qué tal?How's it going? (fam.)
(No) muy bien.(Not) very well?
¿Qué hay de nuevo?What's new?
No mucho.Not much.
Nada.Nothing.
¿Cómo se llama usted?What is your name? (form.)
¿Cómo te llamas?What is your name? (fam.)
Me llamo...My name is...
Encantado.Charmed. (Say this if you are a male.)
Encantada.Charmed. (Say this if you are a female.)
Por favor.Please.
(Muchas) gracias.Thank you. (very much)
De nada.You're welcome.
Con permiso.Excuse me. (Get out of the way.)
Perdón.Excuse me. (Can I have your attention.)
Lo siento.I'm sorry.
¡Anímate!Cheer up!
Tengo que irme.I have to go.
Adios.Goodbye.
Hasta luego.See you later.
Hasta mañana.See you tommorrow.
Saludos a...Say hello to...
yes
nono

Days of the Week

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The days of the week are not capitalized in Spanish.

lunesMonday
martesTuesday
miercolesWednesday
juvesThursday
viernesFriday
sabadoSaturday
domingoSunday

Colours

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Spanish adjectives often come in different masculine and feminine forms. Often the only difference between the two is that the masculine form ends in -o while the feminine form ends in -a. When this is not the case, both forms will be listed.

rojo (-a)red
anaranjado (-a)orange
amarillo (-a)yellow
verdegreen
azulblue
morado (-a)purple
negro (-a)black
blanco (-a)white
grisgrey
marronbrown
claro (-a)light
oscuro (-a)dark

The Numbers Zero to Ten

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
cerozero
unoone
dostwo
tresthree
cuatrofour
cincofive
seissix
sieteseven
ochoeight
nuevenine
diezten

Subject Pronouns

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The subject pronouns in English are I, he, they, you, etc. They indicate the subject of the verb they preceed, for example in the sentance he runs, he is the subject pronoun.
Of the Spanish subject pronouns, the second person plural familiar vosotros is only used in Spain. In Latin America Ustedes is used in it's place. Usted is abbreviated as Ud. and Ustedes is abbreviated as Uds.

yoI
you (singular familiar)
Ustedyou (singular formal)
élhe
ellashe, it
nosotros/nosotraswe (masc./fem.)
vosotros/vosotrasyou (plural familiar)
Ustedesyou (plural formal)
ellosthey (masc.)
ellosthey (fem.)

posted by Blair Fraser at 11:14 am | 1 comments

  • They(she ) is Ellas right ? thats what is written in my book!

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at 7:30 am  

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