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French Lesson 04

Wednesday, October 25, 2006

Learn French

Vocabulary

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
manger to eat
jetter to throw
réparer to repair
décider to decide
déclarer to declare
envoyer to send
arriver to arrive
payer to pay
solliciter to solicit
attendre to wait (for)
défendre to defend
descendre to descend
entendre to hear
perdre to lose
prétendre to claim
rendre to give back, to return something
répondre to answer
vendre to sell
le métier occupation
la profession. profession
la biére beer
le courrier mail
le bâtiment building
la signature signature
la photographie photograph
le gouvernement government
gauche left
droite right
la montagne mountain
le monde world
autre other
le mot word
la plage beach
le bout tip
le soleil sun
le téléphone telephone
le magasin store
le travail job
le vin wine
la lampe lamp
le lit bed
le tapis rug
d'abord first
célèbre famous
généralement generally
libre free (of cost)
mauvais bad
occupé busy
parfait perfect
pauvre poor
riche rich
mais but
si if
tiens, ... say, ...
Qui est-ce? Who is he/she?
plusieurs several
ou même... or even...

Direct Object Pronouns

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
The object that directly receives the action of the verb is called the direct object. A direct object pronoun may be used to replace the direct object if the direct object is clear in the context of the conversation.

For example, the third person masculine direct object pronoun is le. It would be used as follows:
Je aime le livre. = I like the book.
Je l'aime. = I like it.

Note that the direct object pronoun must agree in number and gender with the object it replaces.
me (m') me
te (t') you
le (l') him/it
la (l') her/it
nous us
vous you (form. pl.)
les them (masc. pl.)
les them (fem. pl.)
Je le mange. I'm eating it. (the bread)
Il la voit. He sees her.
Je la répare. I'm repairing it. (the car)
Je l'aime. I like it. (the book)
Il la part. He leaves her.
Il ne la part pas. He doesn't leave her.
Je le donne au prof. I give it to the professor. (the book)
Je la parle. I speak it. (the French language)
Il la jette. He throws it. (the ball)
Il les jette. He throws them. (the balls)
Je t'aime. I love you.
Tu m'aimes. You love me.
Je la regarde. I watch it. (the television)

Indirect Object Pronouns

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
The indirect object of the sentance is the person or to whom, for whom, or the thing to which, or for which the action of the verb occurs. The indirect object pronouns can be used to replace the indirect object if the indirect object is one or more persons.

For example, the third person direct object pronoun used for people is lui. It would be used as follows:
Je téléphone Louis. = I phone (to) Louis.
Je lui téléphone. = I phone (to) him.

If the direct object is a non-person, then the third person singular pronoun y, and the third person plural pronoun en are used instead of lui and leur.
me (m') (to/for) me
te (t') (to/for) you
lui (to/for) him/her
y (to/for) it
nous (to/for) us
vous (to/for) you (form./pl.)
leur (to/for) them
en (to/for) them (non-persons)
Je lui parle. I'm talking to him.
Il leur achète des livres. He buys books for them.
Je vous donne le pain. I'm giving the bread to you.
Elle me téléphone. She phones me.
Vous lui répondez. You respond to her.
Vous y répondez. You respond to it. (the question)
Nous leur parlons. We talk to them.
Nous y allons pour nos vacances. We go there for our holidays.
Il y est. His is there.
Il y en a There is some.
J'en ai. I have some.
Je ne vais pas en acheter. I am not going to buy any.

The Present Indicative of Regular Verbs Ending in -re

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
The second class of French verbs includes those verbe ending in -re which are not irregular. While -re verbs are less common than -er verbs, the class still includes a lot of important words.

To conjugate a regular -re verb, first remove the -re ending to form the verb stem. For example, the verb stem of entendre is entend-. Now combine the verb stem with the proper ending according to the following:
entendre = to listen
je entends = I listen
tu entends = you (fam.) listen
il/elle/on entend = he/she/one listens
nous entendons = we listen
vous entendez = you (form./pl.) listen
ills/elles entendent = he (pl.) listens, she (pl.) listens
Here are some conjugations of other useful verbs ending in -re.
je vends I sell
tu rends you (fam.) give back
il perd he loses
elle répond she answers
on vend one sells
nous entendons we hear
vous rendez you (form./pl.) give back
ils perdent they (masc.) lose
elles répondent they (fem.) lose
tu vends you sell
il vend he sells
elle vend she sells
nous vendons we sell
vous vendez you (form./pl.) sell
ils vendent they (masc.) sell
elles vendent they (fem.) sell
je perds I lose
tu perds you lose
elle perds she loses
on perds one loses
nous perdons we lose
vous perdez you (form./pl.) lose
elles perdent they (fem.) lose
je réponds I answer
tu réponds you answer
il répond he answers
on répond one answers
nous répondons we answer
vous répondez you (form./pl.) answer
ils répondent he answers

The Weather

Practice: Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle
Il fait bon. It is good.
Il fait mauvais. It is bad.
Fait-il chaud aujourd'hui? Is it hot today?
Il fait (trés) chaud. It is (very) hot.
Fait il froid aujourd'hui? Is it cold today?
Il fait (trés) froid. It is (very) cold.
Il pleut ce soir. It is raining this evening.
Il fait du vent. It is windy.
Il neige. It is snowing.
Ce ensoleillé aujourd'hui? Is it sunny today?
C'est nuageux ce soir. It is cloudy this evening.

posted by Blair Fraser at 7:20 am | 0 comments