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Spanish Lesson 01

Tuesday, July 20, 2004

Learn Spanish

Introductions

Carlos: Hola Pedro!
Pedro: Hola Carlos!
Carlos: ¿Cómo estas?
Pedro: Muy bien. Oye, hay una clase de español hoy?
Carlos: Claro que no! Hoy es sabado!

Julia: Buenos días profesor Rey
Prof. Rey: Buenos días. ¿Cómo se llama?
Julia: Me llamo Julia. Soy un estudiante de español.
 
 
 

Vocabluary

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

In Spanish, the accent indicates the syllable which is stressed when spoken.

hoytoday
el díaday
la mañanamorning
la universidaduniversity
la eschulaschool
la claseclass
el estudientestudent (masc.)
la estudientestudent (fem.)
la pizarrachalkboard
el borradorchalkbrush
la tizachalk
la puertadoor
la ventanawindow
la paredwall
el relojclock
la mesadesk, table
la sillachair
la computadoracomputer
el papelpaper
la letraletter
el lápizpencil
la plumapen
la gomaeraser
la cuadernonotebook
el librobook
el examenexam
el libro de textotextbook
la bibliotecalibrary
el estantebookcase
la esampillastamp
la dirección, el domicilioaddress
la cartacard
el numeronumber
la casahouse, home
enin
en inglesin English
y (e before a vowel)and
muyvery
oor
cercaclose
lejosfar
fácileasy
difícildifficult
¿Qué quiere decir...?What does... mean?
Quiere decier...It means...
¿Cómo se dice...?How do you say...?
Se dice...You say...
haythere is, there are
Hay muchos estudiantes en la clase.There are many students in the class.
¿Cuantos estudiantes hay en la clase?How many students are in the class?
¿Cúal es tu dirección?What is your address?

Masculine and Feminine Nouns

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Spanish nouns, all Spanish nouns, come in masculine and feminine varieties. The gender of a noun should be memorized with the noun, as it becomes important when using adjectives. However, there are some clues to make memorization easier.

Nouns that end in -o are usually masculine. Likewise, those that end in -a are usually feminine. Add to that, nouns ending in -dad, -tad, -ción, -sión are feminine.

The exceptions to these rules must be memorized by brute force. In the vocabularies, the definite article is always included. It helps to recite the definite article with the word as you memorize it.
almuerzo: masculine (means lunch)
taza: feminine (means cup)
pollo: masculine (means chicken)
liquidación: feminine (means sale)

When dealing with nouns that have denote people, such as the spouse or the Chilean, the noun may have a masculine and feminine form or it may not.
el chileano: the (male) Chilean
la chileana: the (female) Chilean
el esposo: the husband
la esposa: the wife
el estudiante: the (male) student
la estudiante: the (female) student (no change)

Now try the following words:

estrellafeminine (means star)
libromasculine
bibliotecafeminine
cuadernomasculine
lapizmasculine (no clues)
plumafeminine
díamasculine (tricky eh?)
casafeminine (means house or home)
tíomasculine (means uncle)
tíafeminine (means aunt)

Definite and Indefinite Articles

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The definite article in English is the word the. It is used whe refering specific objects, such as the car or my car, as opposed to a class of objects such as a blue car. The indefinite object in Spanish is el for masculine singular nouns, la for feminine singular nouns, los for masculine plural nouns, and las for feminine plural nouns.

The indefinite article in English is a, an, or some. It is used for refering to classes of objects while making no reference to any specific object of that class. For example, some fast cars, or a big house. In Spanish the indefinite articles are un for masculine singular nouns, una for feminine singular nouns, unos for masculine plural nouns, and unas for feminine plural nouns.
el, la: the, masc. and fem. sing.
los, las: the, masc. and fem. pl.
un, una: a or an, masc. and fem. sing.
unos, unas: some, masc. and fem. pl.

un carroa car
el carrothe car
unos carrossome cars
los carrosthe cars
una plumaa pen
la plumathe pen
unas plumassome pens
las plumasthe pens
una sillaa seat
la sillathe seat
unas sillassome seats
las sillasthe seats
un papela paper
el papelthe paper
unos papelessome papers
los papelesthe papers
un libroa book
el librothe book
unos librossome books
los librosthe books
una gomaa eraser
la gomathe eraser
unas gomassome erasers
las gomasthe erasers
una cartaa letter
la cartathe letter
unas cartassome letters
las cartasthe letters
un reloja clock
el relojthe clock
unos relojessome clocks
los relojesthe clocks

The Numbers 11-29

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
onceeleven
docetwelve
trecethirteen
catorcefourteen
quincefifteen
dieciséissixteen
diecisieteseventeen
dieciochoeighteen
diecinuevenineteen
veintetwenty
veinteunotwenty-one
veintedóstwenty-two
veintetréstwenty-three
veintecuatrotwenty-four
veintecincotwenty-five
veinteséistwenty-six
veintesietetwenty-seven
veinteochotwenty-eight
veintenuevetwenty-nine

posted by Blair Fraser at 9:40 pm | 2 comments

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