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Albanian Lesson 04

Tuesday, August 03, 2004

Learn Albanian

Vocabulary

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
S'e di.I don't know.
besojbelieve
unë (nuk) duhet të + verbI (don't) have to + verb
unë (nuk) dua të + verbI (don't) want to + verb
telefonojto call (on the phone)
deklarojto declare
pranojto receive
kërkojto solicit
marrto take (irreg.)
punësimoccupation
zanat, -i, -e, -et (masc.)profession
birr/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)beer
post/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)mail
ndërtes/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)building
specialitet, -i, -e, -et (masc.)specialty
firm/ë, -a, -a, -at (fem.)signature
fotografi, -a, -, -të (fem.)photo
qeveri, -a, -, -të (fem.)government
majtasleft
djathtasright
mal, -i, -e, -et (masc.)mountain
bot/ë, -a, -ë, -ëtworld
tjetërother
plazh, -i, -e, -et (masc.)beach
bakshish, -i, -e, -et (masc.)top
katund, -i, -e, -et (masc.)village
telefon, -i, -a, -at (masc.)telephone
televizor, -i, -ë, -ët (masc.)television
pun/ë, -a, -ë, -ët (fem.)job
tren, -i, -a, -at (masc.)train
ver/ë, -a (fem.)wine
(i,e) shkëlqyerexcellent
(i,e) famshëmfamous
në përgjithësigenerally
falasfree (of cost)
(i,e) zënëbusy
(i,e) vogëlsmall
(i,e) madhbig
(i,e) përkryerperfect
(i,e) pasurrich
Është i keq (e keqe).It's a pity.
sepsebecause
gjithmonëalways
pawithout
Ikim!Let's go!
nganjëherësometimes
ndërsáwhile
nesërtomorrow
djeyesterday
ditë pushimiholiday
ditë punëworkday
jav/ë, -a, -ë -ët (fem.)week
muaj, -i, -, -t (masc.)month
vit, -i, -e, -et (masc.)year
Kush?Who?
Çfarë?What?
Ç'?What? (short for çfarë?)
Kur?When?
Ku?Where?
Pse?Why?
Si?How?

Ordinal Numbers

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Ordinal numbers are adjectives. You will see adjectives in the next lesson. However, as a preview, adjectives are usually preceeded by either a i or a e. The i form is used when the adjective modifies masculine nouns, and the e form is used when it modifies feminine nouns.

The definite form can be formed by relacing the final with a -i or an -a for masculine and feminine nouns respectively.

(i,e) parëfirst
(i,e) dytësecond
(i,e) tretëthird
(i,e) katërtfourth
(i,e) pestëfifth
(i,e) gjashtësixth
(i,e) shtatëseventh
(i,e) tetëeighth
(i,e) nëntëninth
(i,e) djetëtenth
(i,e) njëmbëdhjetëeleventh
(i,e) dymbëdhjetëtwelfth
(i,e) njëzettwentieth
i pari, e parathe first (masc./fem.)
i dyti, e dytathe second (masc./fem.)
i treti, e tretathe third (masc./fem.)

Possessive Pronouns

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Possesive prounouns function as adjectives to denote ownership. The form of the possesive pronoun changes based on the gender and number of the noun representing the owned object.

The use of the possesive pronouns will be demonstrated with examples using the masculine noun libër and the feminine noun birrë. Just to refresh your memory:
libri = the book
librat = the books
birra = the beer
birrat = the beers

libri im, librat e mimy book, my books
birra ime, birrat e miamy beer, my beers
libri yt, librat e tuyour book, your books
birra jote, birrat e tuayour beer, your beers
libri i tij, librat e tijhis book, his books
birra e tij, birrat e tijhis beer, his beers
libri e saj, librat e sajher book, her books
birra e saj, birrat e sajher beer, her beers
libri ynë, librat tanëour book, our books
birra jonë, birrat tonaour beer, our beers
libri juaj, librat tuajyour (pl.) book, your (pl.) books
birra juaj, birrat tuajayour (pl.) beer, your (pl.) beers
libri i tyre, librat e tyretheir book, their books
birra e tyre, birrat e tyretheir beer, their beers

Asking Questions

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Questions can be formed by placing the subject after the verb. Many questions of the form Is ... ? use A ...? in Albanian with the subject after the verb. Of course many questions are formed using the interrogative pronouns Kush...?, Çfarë...?, Ku...?, Kur...?, Pse...?.

Çfarë bën ti?What are you doing?
Ku është topi im?Where is my ball?
Kush është ai?Who is he?
A ke ti librin?Do you have the book?
Kur është shkolla?Where is the school?

Forming the Continuous Present with Po

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The continuous present is used to express actions that are in the process of happening now. For example,
I am eating.
You are cleaning.
What are you doing.

In Albanian, the continuous present is formed with the help of the word po. When po is added before the verb, it changes the meaning of the verb from the present to the continuous present.

Çfarë po bën Beni?What is Beni doing?
Ku po shkoni?Where are you going?
Po shkruaj një letër.I am writing a letter.

posted by Blair Fraser at 10:55 am | 0 comments