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French Lesson 00

Friday, September 24, 2004

Learn French

French Pronunciation

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Pronunciation in French is complicated, and the following is only an approximation. Many sounds have no equivalent in English.

between a in cat and fathera and à
like the a in braâ
as e in bed within wordsai
as a clipped long oau, aux, aulx, eau, eaux
as English b, but less air expelledb
as sc before e,i,y
as kc before a,o,u, or consonant
as s, only occurs before a,o,u\c{c}
as shch
as chtch
as English dd
as e in angele
as short ee before 2 or more consonants
as ae before r at end of word
silente at the end of a word
as long aé
as short eè
as e in bedei
as a in lateeil
as English e in ereu, eux
as oyeuil, euille, ueil, ueille
as English ff
as s in visiong before e,i,y
as g in garterbefore a,o,
silenth
between short i and long ei
usually as yille
as s in visionj
as English kk
as English ll
as English mm
as English nn
between short u and long oo, ô
as wahoi, oix
as long u or ooou, où, oux
as English pp
as English fph
as English kqu
uvular, or weak rollr
between vowels as zs
silent at end of words at end of word
as English sss
as English tt
as English tth
as long e with pursed lipsu
approximated by weui
as English vv
as w, sometimes vw
usually as ksx before consonant
usually as gzx before vowel
as ksx before unaccented e
silentx at end of word
as English yy
as English zz

Nasal Vowels

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Nasal vowels are a vowel followed by a single n or m which is not followed by another vowel.

nasal a, a followed by ngan, am, en, em
nasal i, similar to i in can'tin, im, ain, aim, ein, eim
nasal o, similar to o of loanon, om
nasal u, similar to o in amongun, um
nasal wi, similar to waaaoin, oim

Greetings

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
Salut.Hi.
BonjourHello, Good day
BonsoirGood evening.
Bonne nuitGood night
Monsieur (M.)Mr.
Madame (Mme.)Mrs
Mademoiselle (Mlle.)Miss
Comment allez-vous?How are you
Comment \c{c}a va?How's it going?
\c{C}a va, et toi?Fine, and you?
Trés bien, merci, et vous?Very well, thanks, and you?
Bien aussi.Fine also.
Pas mal.Not bad.
Comment tu t'apples?What is your name (fam.)
Comment vous appelez-vous?What is your name (form.)
Je m'appelle ...My name is ...
Je te/vous présente ...This is ...
Voici ...Here is/are ...
Enchanté/eCharmed
Au revoir.Good bye.
Á bientôt.See you soon.
Á demain.See you tommorrow.
Salut.Bye.

Days of the Week

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The days of the week are not capitalized in French.

lundiMonday
mardiTuesday
mecrediWednesday
jeudiThursday
vendrediFriday
samediSaturday
dimancheSunday

Colours

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

French adjectives often come in different masculine and feminine forms. Often the only difference between the two is that the feminine form adds an e. When this is not the case, both forms will be listed.

rougered
orangeorange
jauneyellow
vert/vertegreen
bleu/bleueblue
violet/violettepurple
noir/noireblack
blanc/blanchewhite
gris/grisegrey
marronbrown
clairlight
foncédark

The Numbers Zero to Ten

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
unone
deuxtwo
troisthree
quatrefour
cinqfive
sixsix
septseven
huiteight
neufnine
dixten

Subject Pronouns

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The subject pronouns in English are I, he, they, you, etc. They indicate the subject of the verb they preceed. For example in the sentance he runs, he is the subject pronoun.

jeI
tuyou
ilhe/it
elleshe/it
onone/they/people
nouswe
vousyou (pl.) or (form.)
ilsthey (masc.)
ellesthey (fem.)

posted by Blair Fraser at 11:16 am | 0 comments