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Spanish Lesson 07

Monday, September 20, 2004

Learn Spanish

Vocabulary

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
el turismotourism
las vacacionesvacations
el viajetrip
el aeropuertoairport
el vueloflight
el pasaje, el billeteticket (for a plane, bus, etc.)
el pasaje de idaone way ticket
el pasaje de ida y vueltareturn ticket
la reservación, la reservareservation
el asiento de pasilloaisle seat
el asiento de ventanillawindow seat
el retraso, el atrasodelay
el cuarto, la habitaciónroom
la llavekey
el ancesor, el elevadorelevator
el jabónsoap
el servicio de habitaciónroom service
la toallatowel
con vista aoverlooking
la tarjeta postalpostcard
la oficinaoffice
la oficina de turismooffice of tourism
el pasaportepassport
la aduanacustoms
la embajadaembassy
la informacióninformation
el (la) inspector (-a)inspector
el registroregister
el lugarplace
lugares de intrésplaces of interest
tener lugarto take place
el besokiss
la verdadtruth
listo (-a)ready
juntos (-as)together
largo (-a)long
¿A cómo está el cambio de modeda?What is the exchange rate.
la lista de esperawaiting list
la tarjeta de turistatourist card
la cámera de videovideo camera
algosomething, anything
antesbefore
nada másnothing more
porper, for
por aquíaround here
cancelarto cancel
confirmarto confirm
tener algo que declararto have something to declare
pasarto spend time
pasar porto pass by
aceptarto accept
comprarto buy
declararto declare
firmarto sign
llegarto arrive
mostrar (o:ue), enseñarto show
tomarto take, (also to drink)
anotarto write down, to note
dejarto leave behind
pagarto pay
costar (o:ue)to cost
preguntarto ask (a question)
el mío, la mía, los míos, las míasmine

Stem Changing Verbs, e:ie

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Some Spanish verb stems change when the verb is conjugated. The stem-changing verbs are marked in the vocabulary with an i:ie, o:ue, or e:i, depending on the form of the stem change. Verbs with the e:ie stem change are conjugated in the present indicative with the stem change taking place in all forms except the first person plural and second person plural forms.

Examples of e:ie stem-changing verbs are: comenzar (to begin), empezar (to begin), preferir (to prefer), querer (to want), cerrar (to close), entender (to understand), pensar (to think), perder (to lose).

comienzoI begin
comienzesyou begin
comienzayou (form.) begin, he/she begins
comenzamoswe begin
comenzáisyou (fam. pl.) begin
comienzanyou (form. pl.)/they begin
prefieroI prefer
prefieresyou prefer
prefiereyou (form.) prefer, he/she prefers
preferimoswe prefer
preferéisyou (fam. pl.) prefer
prefierenyou (form. pl.)/they prefer

Stem Changing Verbs, o:ue

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Stem changing verbs of the o:ue form are conjugated in the present indicative much as the e:ie verbs: with the stem change taking place in all but the first person plural and second person plural forms.

Examples of o:ue stem-changing verbs are: poder (to be able to), costar (to cost), contar (to tell), dormir (to sleep), morir (to die), doler (to hurt).

puedoI can
puedesyou can
puedeyou (form.) can, he/she can
podemoswe can
podéisyou (fam. pl.) can
puedenyou (form. pl.)/they can
cuentoI tell
cuentasyou tell
cuentayou (form.) tell, he/she tells
contamoswe tell
contáisyou (fam. pl.) tell
cuentanyou (form. pl.)/they tell

Stem Changing Verbs, e:i

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Stem changing verbs of the e:i form are again conjugated with all forms except the first person plural and second person plural forms taking the stem change.

Examples of e:i stem-changing verbs are: pedir (to ask for, to request), servir (to serve), repetir (to repeat), impedir (to prevent), elegir (to choose, to elect).

pidoI ask/request
pidesyou ask/request
pideyou (form.) request, he/she requests
pedimoswe request
pedísyou (fam. pl.) request
pidenyou (form. pl.)/they request
sirvoI serve
sirvesyou serve
sirveyou (form.) serve, he/she serves
servimoswe serve
servísyou (fam. pl.) serve
sirvenyou (form. pl.)/they serve

Comparisons of Inequality

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

Comparisons of inequality are made using the construction
más + adjective + que + ...
or
menos + adjective + que + ...

Ella es más alta que yo.She is taller than I.
Pedro habla menos rápidamente que Carlos.Pedro speaks less fast than Carlos.
Leo más que mis amigos.I read more than my friends.
Tu libro es menos interesante que el mío.Your book is less interesting than mine.

Comparisons of Equality

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

In English, comparisons of equality are made using constructions of the form:
as tall as John
as many books as a library.

Comparisons of equality using adverbs or adjectives are translated into Spanish as:
tan + adverb/adjective + como + noun.

The comparisons of equality for nouns are translated into Spanish as:
tanto/tanta + noun + como + noun. = as much + noun + as + noun
and
tantos/tantas + noun + como + noun. = as many + noun + as + noun

tan + adverb/adjective + como + nounas adverb/adjective como noun
tanto/tanta + noun + como + nounas much + noun + as + noun
tantos/tantas + noun + como + nounas many + noun + as + noun
Juanita es tan inteligente como Linda.Juanita is as intelligent as Linda.
Tengo tantos libros como Ud.I has as many books as you (form.).
Él tiene tanto dinero como ella.He has as much money as her.
Su trabajo es tan difícil como el mío.His job is as difficult as mine.
Su casa está tan cerca de la universidad como la mía.His house is as close to the university as mine.

The Superlative

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The superlative is used in forms such as: the fastest, the most well-known, the least intelligent. In Spanish, the superlative uses más + adjective or menos + adjective to express the superlative form.

la avenida más conocido de San Franciscothe most well-known avenue in San Francisco
el hombre menos inteligente del mundothe least intelegent man in the world
los libros más famosos de Canadáthe most famous books in Canada
la ciudad más grande de Europathe largest city in Europe

Some Irregular Comparative Forms

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

A few of the most common comparative forms are irregular. Memorize the following list of the various comparative forms for good, bad, big and small.

buenogood (adjective)
bienwell, good (adverb)
mejorbetter
el (la) mejorthe best
malobad (adjective)
malpoorly, bad (adverb)
peorworse
el (la) peorthe worst
grandebig
mayorbigger
el (la) mayorthe biggest
pequeño (-a)small
menorsmaller
el (la) menorthe smallest

posted by Blair Fraser at 9:58 am | 0 comments