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Spanish Lesson 06

Wednesday, September 15, 2004

Learn Spanish

Vocabulary

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
el museomuseum
el cuadro, la pinturapainting
el teatrotheatre
la obra de teatroplay
el ríoriver
el puentebridge
el edificobuilding
el centrodowntown
las ruinasruins
la playabeach
el marsea
el oceanoocean
el lagolake
la montañamountain
el cinecinema, movie theatre
la películamovie
el hotelhotel
la habitación dobledouble room
el dineromoney
el hospitalhospital
el término de autobusesbus station
el estación de trentrain station
el aeropuertoairport
el taxitaxi
el metrosubway
el anuncioadvertisment
la solicitudapplication
la revistamagazine
el cheque de viajerotraveller's cheque
la tarjeta de creditocredit card
la maleta, la valijasuitcase
el equipajeluggage
caro (-a)expensive
barato (-a)cheap
el deportesport
el equipoteam
la avenidaavenue
la esquinastreet corner
la manzana (Esp.), la cuadracity block
el semáforostreet light
cerca declose to
lejos defar from
a la derechaon the right
a la izquierdaon the left
frente aacross from
al lado de, junto anext to
rodeadasurrounded by
entreamong
la medianochemidnight
el mediadíamidday, noon
brindarto toast
empezar, comenzarto begin, to start
echucharto listen
viajarto travel
asistir (a)to attend
conducir (irreg. in yo)to drive
yo conduzcoI drive
practicarto practice
verto see
pasarto spend time
¿Dónde naciste?Where were you born?
el primer díathe first day
encantadocharmed (if you are a male)
encantadacharmed (if you are a female)
esta nochetonight
entoncesthen, in that case
cadaeach
aúnstill
nadanothing
todaeverything
tambiénalso
hastauntil
luegolater
trabajador (-a)hardworking
haragánlazy
felizhappy
infelizunhappy
mismosame
nuncanever
por esotherefore
segúnaccording to
siif

Three common irregular verbs (estar,ir,dar)

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
estarto be
estoyI am
estásyou are
estáyou (form.) are, he/she is
estamoswe are
estáisyou (fam. pl.) are
estanyou (form. pl.)/they are
Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
irto go
voyI go
vasyou go
vayou (form.) go, he/she goes
vamoswe go
vaisyou (fam. pl.) go
vanyou (form. pl.)/they go
Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >
darto give
doyI give
dasyou give
dayou (form.) give, he/she give
damoswe give
daisyou (fam. pl.)/they give
danyou (form. pl.)/they give

Constructions using Ir a

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The verb ir, meaning to go, can be used, much as in English, to express future action:
Voy a viajar a España. (I am going to go to Spain.)
Él va a empezar mañana. (He is going to start tomorrow.)

The formula for this construction is: conjugated form of ir + a + infinitive of future action verb. The infinitive form of a verb is the form that is usually listed in the vocabulary. For example: empezar (to begin), ir (to go), estar (to be).

Voy a ir al aeropuerto.I am going to go to the airport.
Él va a estudiar anoche.He is going to study tonight.
Vamos a leer un libro.We are going to read a book.
Ellos van a asistir a el clase de español hoy.They are going to attend Spanish class today.
Nosotros vamos a dar el coche a Pedro.We are going to give the car to Pedro.
¿Vas a hablar con Carlos hoy?Are you going to talk to Carlos today?

The Infinitive: Part I

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

The infinitive is the unconjucated form of a verb, the form listed in the vocabularies. In English, the infinitive is analogous to the form to + verb. For example: to eat, to walk, to begin.

In the constructions using ir a, the infinitive form is used after the conjugated form of ir. In fact, this can be generalized to a rule: the infinitive form of the verb is used if it follows a conjugated verb with the same subject. There may or may not be a preposition between the two verbs.

Currently the only example we have of this is in the construction ir a, but many will soon follow. Here are some previews.

Prefiero ir con Usted.I would prefer to go with you.
Ellos se gusta balilar en el club.They like dancing in the club.
Tengo que asistir a la clase.I have to attend the class.

Uses of Ser and Estar: Part I

Practice: < Recognition | Recall | None | Shuffle >

As you now know, there are two ways to say to be in Spanish. It is important to know when to use each, but it is something that will take time to figure out.

The verb ser is generally used for more permanent features:
Pedro es muy simpático. (Pedro is very nice.)
Ella es rubia. (She is blond.)
Soy de Toronto. (I am from Toronto.)

Some of the less obvious uses for ser are:
To denote profession - Ellos son profesores. (They are professors.)
To give time or date - Hoy es lunes. (Today is Monday.)
To describe ownership or possession - El vino es de papá. (The wine is dad's.)
Used for location if it is the equivalent of taking place - La clase es en el edifico azul. (The class is in the blue building.)

The verb estar is usually used for qualities that are not permanent:
Mi primo está feliz hoy. (My cousin is happy today.)
¿Dónde está Raul? (Where is Raul?)

Some of the less obvious uses of estar are:
personal reaction or opinion of a quality, even if permanent - Julia está muy simpática. (Julia is very nice)
To denote location, even if permanent - La moñtana Everest está en Nepal. (The mountain Everest is in Nepal.)
To indicate current condition - Estoy frío. (I am cold.)

Él es rubio.He is blond.
Son las cinco y media.It is five thirty.
Ellas estan cubanas.They (fem.) are Cuban.
Yo soy de Canada.I am from Canada.
El carro es de Raúl.The car is Raul's.
No estás registrado.You are not registered.
¿Está Ud. listo?Are you ready?
Ellos no están aquí.The are not here.
¿Dónde estás?Where are you?
El libro Pedro Paramo está muy interestante.The book Pedro Paramo is very interesting.

posted by Blair Fraser at 8:27 am | 0 comments